Lawn Watering to Encourage Strong Roots and Save Water

When you take a sensible approach to lawn watering...

Your neighbors -- who water every day -- will wonder why your lawn is so green and their water bills are so high.


Many homeowners over-water, I see it every season and in every neighborhood. They set and forget their automatic sprinkler system to water every other day--or every day--wasting water and unknowingly reducing the health of their landscape.

Watering your lawn to supplement rainfall, encourage deep rooting, and conserve water is key to a sustainable lawn care program.

Your fall and spring lawn care program should focus on maximizing root volume and depth to prepare for summer drought. Mowing high, aerating, fall nitrogen fertilization (cool-season lawns) summer fertilization (warm-season lawns), and dethatching are some things you can also do to encourage deep rooting.

Lawn Watering Rules of a Green-Thumb

Automatic Sprinkler Watering a Lawn
  • Determine if you need to water your lawn -- Consider the weather, time of year, and grass type.
  • Irrigate deep and infrequent to encourage deep, strong roots.
  • Water your lawn to ensure adequate moisture -- Adding 1 to 1 1/2" per week minus any rainfall.
  • Save water by irrigating in the early morning hours.
  • Adjust sprinkler heads to avoid watering the driveway, sidewalk or road.

Does your lawn need to be watered?

Wilt, Lawn Needs Water

When thinking about watering...grass type, time of year, and weather, will help you decide. To be conserve water -- wait until the grass begins to show signs of stress from lack of water (wilt).

Ideally, the grass plants should dictate your lawn watering needs. Your grass is telling you it's "thirsty" when you see wilt or footprinting. It's wilting when the color changes from its normal green to a shiny purple/bluish color. Footprinting is when you leave visible footprints after walking across your lawn. If your footprints remain for an extended period of time, the lawn needs to be watered.

The type of grass in your lawn also helps to determine lawn watering needs. Some grass-types are more drought tolerant than others... perennial ryegrasses have little tolerance to dry conditions, while fine fescues tolerate dry periods quite well. Cool-season grasses usually need more moisture than warm-season grasses in stressful summer conditions.

Don't start watering too early in spring and keep watering late into the fall. It's temping to start watering in early spring. However, there is usually enough rain in early spring to keep your lawn looking good. By waiting until the weather turns hot and dry, you'll encourage deep rooting and prepare your lawn for the dog days of summer. It's also a good idea to water into the fall to keep moisture in the ground through the winter.

Watching the weather will help you plan your irrigation schedule. Your lawn uses a lot of water during sunny, hot, windy days with low relative humidity. If there is rain in the forecast, you might want to let nature do the watering for you.

How much water does your lawn need?

Lawn Watering Tips

Irrigate deep and infrequent to encourage deep, strong roots. Ideally, you'll keep the soil moist to a depth of 5 or 6 inches. Watering two or three times a week is better than watering every day. Daily irrigation causes shallow roots and extra stresses on your grass plants.

Adding 1 to 1 1/2 inches of rain per week- minus any rainfall - will keep your lawn green and healthy. This is general amount. Your climate and grass-type determine how much water your lawn needs.

How to Set Your Sprinkler System

Calibrate your sprinkler system so that you know how long to run each zone. This will also work if you use a hose-end sprinkler.

How to calibrate your irrigation system.

How to Calibrate a Sprinkler Syste

For each zone:

  • Place 5 to 10 straight-sided containers at random throughout the zone
  • Run the zone 15 minutes
  • Measure the depth with a ruler
  • Average the amounts
  • Multiply by 4 tells you how much water per hour
Calibrating Sprinkler Syste

For example...

You want to water three days and apply 1 1/2" per week.

After running zone 1 15 minutes, the average amount caught in the pans was 1/4". You would need to run this zone 90 minutes to get 1 1/2" of water. So you would program this zone to run 30 minutes on watering days.

Over-watering...

  • Is wasteful and results in high water bills
  • Causes excessive growth and extra mowings
  • Encourages weeds and summer fungal diseases
  • Increases the risk of fertilizer and pesticide runoff

Efficient Lawn Watering

Pop-up Sprinkler Head Watering

Irrigate in the early morning hours (between 4 - 8 am). The weather is usually cool and calm so water loss from evaporation is minimized. If you are on a municipal water supply...water demand is low in the early morning.

Monitor and adjust your sprinkler heads. Look for clogged nozzles and over-spray. A tuned sprinkler system will spread water on your lawn evenly, keeping it off your driveway, sidewalk and road.


Watering

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