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Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) is a warm-season, perennial
grass that is adapted to tropical and sub-tropical climates. It grows
best in areas with warm temperatures and mild winters and forms a dense,
fine-textured turf that is widely used on golf courses, sports fields
and home lawns in southern states. A fine choice for those willing to
dedicate a little extra maintenance and care to their lawn.
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Bermuda grass is also an aggressive weed that is called Wiregrass or Devilgrass.
Bermuda grass is easy to plant and establishes very rapidly. It can be either seeded, sodded, sprigged or plugged. Seeding or sodding are the best ways to start home lawns.
Common and Hybrid Types
Bermuda is lower maintenance than the hybrid types and is suitable for
home lawns. Common is usually seeded and there are several improved
varieties that should be selected for planting home lawns. The improved
seed cultivars include: Bimini, Princess 77, Savanna, Sultan, Sydney, Sunstar,
Mohawk, Yuma, Yukon, and Riviera
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The hybrids make very high quality turf stands and were developed for golf courses and sports fields. They are sterile and therefore must be sodded, sprigged or plugged.
Tifway 419 and Tifway II are hybrid grasses that can be grown by homeowners who want the highest quality lawns. Tifway is the standard for high-quality lawns
however, these hybrid types require a little more maintenance and care
than Common Bermuda. They require higher amounts of nitrogen fertilizer
and need to be mowed shorter and more frequently.
Mowing -- Cutting height is between ¾ and 1½". For best results, cut frequently and use a reel mower. A rotary mower with sharp blades and set at the lowest height will produce a satisfactory cut.
Watering -- Needs 1" to 1 ¼" of water per week. Water smart.
Core Aeration -- Aerate in early summer when the lawn is actively growing.
Weed Control -- Apply preemergence herbicides in spring and broadleaf weed control as needed when weeds are present.
Overseeding -- Overseed with perennial ryegrass to in early fall to keep lawn green through the winter.
Watch for these Diseases -- Spring Dead Spot and Dollar Spot.