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Our top 10 organic lawn care tips revolve around sound maintenance practices. We call it "preventive health care for lawns". It's the simplest way to grow a healthy, natural lawn without using chemicals.
about organic pesticide products, recipes and home remedies for natural
bug and weed killers. A lush, green lawn is the best defense against
pests: weeds, insects and disease.
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tough, pest-resistant lawn will have a strong, deep root system. The
key to organic lawn care is encouraging healthy root development through
sound maintenance practices.
1. Mow High and Frequently
Mowing too short or removing too much all at once will reduce grass vigor.
There is a relationship between cutting height and rooting depth. Mow high to encourage deep rooting. See Lawn Mowing Tips for a table of cutting heights.
Follow the 1/3 Rule: Cut your lawn often enough so no more than 1/3 of the grass height is removed at any single cutting. For example, If your mowing height is 2 inches - mow the grass when it is 3 inches tall.
important lawn mowing practices include: recycling grass clippings,
keeping mower blades sharp, and protect our rivers and lakes by cleaning
up grass clippings.
2. Grasscyling -- Recycling Grass Clippings
Grasscyling is mulching or simply leaving grass clippings on your lawn to decompose naturally. Doing this reduces yard waste and recycles nutrients. Did you know that about 25% of the nitrogen in your lawn fertilizer is removed with grass clippings?
3. Take a Soil Test
A soil test will tell you if you need to add fertilizer, lime or gypsum. It is a good indicator of soil health and should be done at least every three years.
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4. Use Organic Lawn Fertilizers
The purpose of fertilizing is to add nutrients that are required for healthy grass growth. Organic lawn fertilizers add organic matter to the soil, this improves soil structure and stimulates microbial activity.
They also release nutrients slowly, reducing the chances of salt damage (burn) to grass plants and minimizing the risk of nutrients polluting waters by runoff or leaching.
What is the best organic lawn fertilizer? The smartest way to make that decision is based on actual cost of nutrients. That being said, a couple of my favorite products are: Ringer® Lawn Restore®, Milorganite®, and Perfect Blend Biotic Fertilizers.
5. Water Smart -- Deep and Infrequently to Improve Drought Tolerance
Water your lawn to supplement rainfall, encourage deep rooting, and conserve water is the key to a sustainable lawn care program.
Irrigate deep and infrequently to encourage deep, strong roots. Ideally, you'll keep the soil moist to a depth of 5 or 6 inches. Watering two or three times a week is much better than watering every day. Daily irrigation causes shallow rooting and waists water.
1 to 1 1/2 inches of rain/water per week is all a lawn needs. However, this is general amount, your climate and grass-type ultimately determine how much to water.
6. Aerate and Overseed
Your lawn should be aerated at least once a year...twice is better. Core aeration helps improve root strength, vigor and depth by reducing surface compaction and encouraging air, water and nutrients to seep down to the roots. Aerating also helps to break down the thatch layer.
Overseeding is an important cultural practice that should be included in your lawn maintenance program -- combined with aeration.
7. Don't Rake Leaves
Mulch them with a mower instead. Leaves are a source of important nutrients and mulching them into the grass recycles these nutrients. Raking, bagging, hauling, dumping in a landfill or burning leaves is also a waste of time and energy and frankly, is kind of silly.
I realize that many appreciate a clean and leaf-free lawn and the leaf residue will be noticeable after mulching leaves, but in a couple of weeks the shredded leaves will sift into the lawn and will be barely noticeable.
If you must bag leaves, add them to a compost pile instead of hauling them to the landfill.
8. Compost Topdressing
Topdressing with compost once a year improves the soil by adding organic matter and nutrients. Another benefit: the soil micro-organisms in compost break down thatch. The best time to topdress is in the fall or spring after the lawn has been aerated.
9. Choose the Best Grass Type
Before planting a new lawn, evaluate the site conditions and choose the best grass-type for your area.
A grass species that's adapted to your climate makes all the difference in tolerating environmental stress and pests.
10. Organic Weed Control
The least popular tip has been saved for last...
There really are no effective natural weed killers for lawns. Corn gluten meal is often used as a weed pre-emergence, but the results are inconsistent. Other products are non-selective -- they will injury grass and weeds.
The best natural weed killer is pulling them, I recommend using a pair of gloves and a weeding tool. Weed seeds require contact with soil, sunlight and moisture to sprout and survive.
Therefore, the ultimate organic weed control program is to
prevent weeds by growing a healthy, dense lawn that keeps weeds from the
light, water and space they need to grow.